Stephen Palumbimother mother ocean

Mother Mother Ocean...
Stephen Palumbi...
connecting industrial profits...
to their actual bottom line...


There's a surprising link between the Ocean's health and human health, says marine biologist Stephen Palumbi. He shows how industrial toxic OIL waste at the bottom of the Ocean food chain find their way into our bodies, with a shocking story of toxic contamination from a Japanese fish market. His work points a way forward for saving the oceans' health -- and humanity's...
biography



The Link Between The Whales's Health and Human Health...




..:: "A new peer-reviewed study published in the journal DIABETES CARE found a strong link between DIABETES onset and blood levels of a group of toxic industrial chemicals, dumped into rivers, and charmingly known as "persistent organic pollutants" (POPs), PBDEs, and PCBs manufactured by Monsanto. Given these findings and the emerging link to DIABETES, it would be wise to limit your consumption of factory-farmed meat and fish.

http://MotherJones.com/tom-philpott/2011/07/are-pesticides-giving-you-diabetes
http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb


Greenpeace blocking indusrial pollution into the Ocean

www.Greenpeace.org blocking industrial pollution into the Ocean



Chemicals, heavy metals, pesticides, industrial compounds (including PCBs) and other toxins pollute the oceans via a direct result of a range of human activities. Once released, pollutants accumulate in the marine food chain.

Marine mammals - whales, dolphins and porpoises - are most at risk from pollution, because they are at the top of the food chain. Worse, many chemical compounds concentrate in fatty tissue like whale blubber.

Most pollutants will suppress an animal's immune system, rendering it more susceptible to infection. The most dangerous pollutants are chemicals that can disrupt hormones (known as endocrine disrupters), which have immense potential for harm and can interfere with reproduction, even at very low concentrations.
http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/oceans/problems/pollution-in-our-oceans


Unprecedented PCB Levels Tested in Dolphins
and the Health Risks


Researchers from NOAA and its partner institutions tested the dolphins inhabiting estuaries along the Georgia coast that have the HIGHEST LEVELS OF POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs) EVER REPORTED in marine wildlife. The term PCB encompasses a slew of non-bio-degradable OIL contaminants made in the USA since the beginning of the lucrative OIL processing industrial boom.... and finally banned in the late 1970s due to the already widespread cancer. The extremely high levels of PCBs measured in dolphins, (maximum concentration of 2900 parts per million), suppressing their IMMUNE SYSTEM function.

The unique signature of the PCB OIL compounds found in these dolphins is consistent with toxic industrial contaminants dumped for decades into the sea. Scientists are equally concerned about the high PCB levels in dolphins and whales. Those contaminants are moving along the coast through the marine food web.

"When we received the lab results for the tested dolphins, we were alarmed by the contaminant levels and set out to investigate how these heavy chemical burdens were affecting their health," states Lori Schwacke, Ph.D., with NOAA's Center for Oceans and Human Health at the Hollings Marine Lab and co-lead investigator on the team.

The team conducted a dolphin 'capture-release medical physical' on this population and found decreased levels of THYROID HORMONES, elevated LIVER enzymes and indications of SUPPRESSED IMMUNE FUNCTION...

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100218173116.htm




What are POPs?


As a result of releases to the environment over the past several decades due especially to human activities, POPs are now widely distributed over large regions (including those where POPs have never been used) and, in some cases, they are found around the globe. This extensive contamination of environmental media and living organisms includes many foodstuffs and has resulted in the sustained exposure of many species, including humans, for periods of time that span generations, resulting in both acute and chronic toxic effects.

In addition, POPs concentrate in living organisms through another process called bioaccumulation. Though not soluble in water, POPs are readily absorbed in fatty tissue, where concentrations can become magnified by up to 70,000 times the background levels. Fish, predatory birds, mammals, and humans are high up the food chain and so absorb the greatest concentrations. When they travel, the POPs travel with them. As a result of these two processes, POPs can be found in people and animals living in regions such as the Arctic, thousands of kilometers from any major POPs source.

Specific effects of POPs can include cancer, allergies and hypersensitivity, damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems, reproductive disorders, and disruption of the immune system. Some POPs are also considered to be endocrine disrupters, which, by altering the hormonal system, can damage the reproductive and immune systems of exposed individuals as well as their offspring; they can also have developmental and carcinogenic effects.

IPEN videos on POPs are available in the media section
Why not use monsanto's roundup of planet killers buy the meg-tonage?



..:: "Washington state has become the first in the nation to ban toxic asphalt sealants made from cancer-causing industrial waste that have been spread over cities and suburbs... and washing off into the Ocean... http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42917004/ns/us_news-environment/ ... "creosote" was made with left over toxic waste, including PCBs : http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb





Earth's Whales Dying --red alert


Feb 24, 2011 :: www.reuters.com :: Scientist warns US GOV over safety concerns of Monsanto's Roundup :: ... A newly discovered and widespread "pathogen" significantly impacting the health of plants, animals, and probably human beings." He said the pathogen appears to be connected to use of glyphosate, the key ingredient in Roundup, made by Monsanto.... the maker of PCBs...

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/24/us-monsanto-roundup-idUSTRE71N4XN20110224

--------------------------------------------------------

... and all of planet Earth's Oceans are loaded with Monsanto's toxic chemicals... please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

.... and if their toxic chemicals will kill plants and animals... and is being dumped worldwide into the Oceans.... it's only logical that it would kill the phytoplankton... now 40% down since the 1950's... starting to decline when the chemical corporations shareholder profits skyrocketed... and Ocean's health index sank below the radar screen...

http://EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton

http://wn.com/Polychlorinated_Biphenyls_PCBs





Date: Fri, 13 Mar 98 22:04:50 CST
From: schwitzer()mcni.net
To: larime()bloomington.in.us
Subject: Re: PCBs banned or not?


With just a careful glance out the back window of ANY home where there is electricity, one will see a transformer hanging on the pole. Go and take a close look, if there is NO yellow tag that says NON PCB, guess what's inside? We have evenly distributed this chemical across the face of the planet. Whenever the bottom welds let go, PCB oil leaks onto the ground. Whenever one explodes from a short or lightning, not only do we volitize the PCBs, we make dioxinx and furans.


Cheerful news?

Louis Schwitzer, Sysop


http://lists.essential.org/1998/dioxin-l/msg00267.html





A Call to the IWC to End the Yearly Whale Hunt


Dr. Roger Payne, research Scientist, Hayden Panettiere, International Spokesperson, and others call on the International Whaling Commission to End All Commercial and Scientific Whaling Citing Studies Showing That the People Who Eat Dolphin, Whale, and Porpoise Meat Are the Most Contaminated Humans on Planet Earth.

Report: Toxins Found in Whales Bode Ill for Humans-- Sperm whales feeding even in the most remote reaches of Earth's oceans have built up stunningly high levels of toxic PCBs and heavy metals, according to American scientists who say the findings spell danger not only for marine life but for the millions of humans who depend on seafood. A report released Thursday noted high levels of cadmium, aluminum, chromium, lead, silver, mercury and titanium in tissue samples taken by dart gun from nearly 1,000 whales over five years. From polar areas to equatorial waters, the whales ingested pollutants that may have been produced by humans thousands of miles away, the researchers said. ''These contaminants, I think, are threatening the human food supply. They certainly are threatening the whales and the other animals that live in the ocean,'' said biologist Roger Payne, founder and president of Ocean Alliance, the research and conservation group that produced the report.

Dr. Roger Payne, founder of Ocean Alliance, during his long term global study found high levels of contaminates in sperm whales including mercury and extraordinary high levels of Chromium (Cr), a compound that has been linked to cancer in humans as was portrayed in the land mark lawsuit and feature film "Erin Brockovich." According to Dr. Payne's report, "The global mean Cr level in whale skin was 28-times higher than mean Cr skin levels in humans without occupational exposure. The whale levels were more similar to levels only observed previously in human lung tissue from workers who died of Cr-induced lung cancer."

"We have a severe problem here of a magnitude that we are now just beginning to comprehend but let me be clear," said Dr. Payne, "most dolphins, sperm whales, and porpoises swimming around in our oceans today are swimming toxic dumpsites, their meat and blubber so highly contaminated that it exceeds levels considered safe for human consumption. Since fin and minke whales eat fish, they too are almost certainly highly contaminated, therefore there is no sane rational for anyone to kill any of these animals for food."

http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2010/06/24/science/AP-Whaling.html

http://rawstory.com/rs/2010/0624/biologist-ocean-pollution-threatening-human-food-supply/



POPs (such as PCBs and DDT) have been found to be present in microscopic plants (phytoplankton) and microscopic animals (zooplankton), which constitute the lower trophic levels of Arctic food chains (Hargrave et al. 1992).

Such chemicals include about 22 chemicals that may exert similar effects to dioxin, including the brominated flame retardants, poly-brominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).

http://archive.greenpeace.org/toxics/html/content/pop2.html



Ocean's Food Chain Contains Oil Byproducts


The Tip of the Iceberg of Cancer

Amsterdam/London: A Greenpeace Report advises that much of the world’s food is already contaminated with man made, highly toxic chemicals called persistent organic pollutants (POPs), some of the most problematic chemicals to which humans can be exposed. The report, "Recipe for Disaster" reviews existing data on food world-wide and reveals that some foodstuffs, particularly fish, meat and dairy products, contain levels of POPs that even exceed internationally agreed limits. "Our food chain is the main route of human exposure to these highly toxic chemicals. The widespread contamination of food with man-made chemicals in both industrialized and less industrialized countries is fundamentally unacceptable," said Dr. David Santillo of Greenpeace International Science Unit. "In many cases, we are being exposed to levels in excess of the maximum intakes deemed tolerable by international bodies," he added. Some POPs are produced intentionally, such as the pesticide DDT. Others, such as dioxins, are accidental by products of industrial and combustion processes involving chlorine.

POPs are very resistant to natural breakdown and they accumulate in the environment and in the fatty tissues of animals and humans. Many are highly toxic and several have been found to disrupt the hormone system in wildlife and humans. "Because the release of POPs is ongoing, we are continuing to add to the existing burden of persistent pollution, with the potential for severe impacts on the health of wildlife and humans. There is already much concern about the impacts of some POPs on unborn infants and children," (1) said Santillo.

http://archive.greenpeace.org/toxics/reports/reports.html




Toxic Chemicals Release Report Shows:
------------------------------------------------------
Mercury and PCB Pollution RISE Dramatically

Posted July 7, 2009

Releases of mercury, PCBs, lead and dioxin into the environment increased significantly between 2006 and 2007, according to the annual "Toxics Release Inventory," published by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

"This information underscores the need for fundamental transparency and provides a powerful tool for protecting public health and the environment," said EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson. "Serving the public's right to know is the crucial first step in reducing toxic chemicals in the places where we live, work and raise children."

The "Toxics Release Inventory" classifies all releases together, including legal and illegal dumping, disposal in mine reclamation ponds (which leach into groundwater) and disposal in toxic dump sites.

Between 2006 and 2007, PCB releases increased by 40 percent, due to disposal of supplies manufactured before the substances were banned in 1979. Mercury releases, mostly due to mining, increased by 38 percent. Dioxin releases increased by 11 percent, and lead releases increased by 1 percent. Overall releases of all persistent, bioaccumalitive and toxic chemicals or metals increased by 1 percent.

PCBs and dioxins are highly toxic to animal life, and children. Both accumulate in animal (including human) bodies and disrupt the body's hormonal and reproductive systems. Lead and mercury can cause neurological and behavioral problems, particularly in children. All four pollutants are especially dangerous to pregnant women and children, due to their effects on the body's development.

According to the "Toxics Release Inventory," slight decreases in air and water pollution occurred between 2006 and 2007 -- 7 percent and 5 percent, respectively.

In December 2006, the Bush administration implemented a rule decreasing the thoroughness of the EPA's toxics release reporting program. In March of this year, however, President Obama signed a law overturning the Bush policy.

"The public has a right to know about chemicals in their air and water," said New Jersey Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who authored the law. "The Bush administration watered down this law and let facilities hide critical data about their toxic chemical emissions. It is time to restore the public's right to know about the release of toxic chemicals in their communities."

Sources for this story include: www.ens-newswire.com

Source: Natural News
http://dprogram.net/2009/07/07/toxic-chemicals-release-report-shows-mercury-pcb-pollution-rise-dramatically/
_______________________________________________________________
http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb



Tons of toxic chemicals pipelined by industry into public sewers...

For at least 50 years, giant chemical corporations, including the world's largest producers, and other companies following their lead, have routinely dumped tons of the chemicals into city sewers that emptied into the worlds Oceans. The manufactures discharged the highly toxic chemicals known as PCBs into the rivers.

After public complaints of their children with cancer, federal and state government agencies issued a warning to industry in 1990, and used the $140 million in settlements to look for the effected fish and reduce the effects of the pollution.

http://www.sfgate.com



According to reports of Faroon et al., (2003) more than 1.5 Million Tons of highly toxic PCBs were manufactured worldwide between 1927 and the early 1980s of which much has already been dumped into the environment via sewers and rivers...


Records dating back to 1940s, show that the GE corporation launched a public "give-a-way program" in which American citizens would receive PCB-contaminated material to use as "fill"... The recipients were required to sign a letter stating they were receiving "clean" fill and thereby releasing GE for all subsequent health problems.[17]


Due to their hydrophobic nature, PCBs tend to be adsorbed strongly to organic matter, thus leading to their accumulation in soils and in the food chain (Sawhney et al., 1987). Agric. Biol. J. N. Am., 2011, 2(1): 89-100




UN: Treaty expanded by 9 more dangerous chemicals

By ALEXANDER G. HIGGINS
and ELIANE ENGELER,
The Associated Press

May 9, 2009

GENEVA -- A U.N.-sponsored treaty to combat highly dangerous chemicals has been expanded to include nine more substances that are used in pesticides, electronics and other products, U.N. officials said Saturday.

These chemicals pose a risk to life because they damage reproductive systems, cause mental health damage, and cause cancer, said Cooper.

These chemicals have some characteristics that make them exceptionally dangerous, he said.

"These chemicals transit all boundaries. They are found everywhere in the world," Cooper said. "They don't go away. They persist in the atmosphere, they persist in the soil, in the water for extremely long periods of time."

Some of the additions to the list are chemicals that are used less than they once were, but there may be large stockpiles of them around the world in leaky containers.
_________________________________________________________
http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb




Autism linked to PCB exposure in children : [the Research]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Friday, June 5, 2009 at 5:25pm

Med Sci (Paris). 2007 Oct;23(10):868-72.

[Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals]

De'partement de ge'ne'tique, de'veloppement et pathologie mole'culaire, Institut Cochin, 24, rue du Faubourg Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France. labie(@)cochin.inserm.fr

"A Silent Pandemic : Industrial Chemicals Are Impairing the Brain Development of Children Worldwide"

Fetal and early childhood exposures to industrial chemicals in the environment can damage the developing brain and can lead to neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs)--autism, attention deficit disorder (ADHD), and mental retardation.

In a new review study, published in The Lancet, Philip Grandjean and Philip Landrigan from the Harvard School of Public Health systematically examined publicly available data on chemical toxicity in order to identify the industrial chemicals that are the most likely to damage the developing brain.

The researchers found that 202 industrial chemicals have the capacity to damage the human brain, and they conclude that chemical pollution may have harmed the brains of millions of children worldwide.

The authors conclude further that the toxic effects of industrial chemicals on children have generally been overlooked. In North Amercia, the commission for environmental cooperation, and in European Union the DEVNERTOX projects had reached to the same conclusions. We analyse this review and discuss these rather pessimistic conclusions.

PMID: 17937897 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
==================================================
http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb





Lancet. 2006 Dec 16;368(9553):2167-78.

Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals.
Grandjean P, Landrigan PJ.

Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. pgrand@hsph.harvard.edu
Comment in:
Lancet. 2007 Mar 10;369(9564):821; author reply 821-2.
Lancet. 2007 Mar 10;369(9564):821; author reply 821-2.
Republished in:
Ugeskr Laeger. 2007 Aug 20;169(34):2782-4.


Neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, attention deficit disorder, mental retardation, and cerebral palsy are common, costly, and can cause lifelong disability. Their causes are mostly unknown. A few industrial chemicals (eg, lead, methylmercury, polychlorinated biphenyls [PCBs], arsenic, and toluene) are recognised causes of neurodevelopmental disorders and subclinical brain dysfunction. Exposure to these chemicals during early fetal development can cause brain injury at doses much lower than those affecting adult brain function. Recognition of these risks has led to evidence-based programmes of prevention, such as elimination of lead additives in petrol. Although these prevention campaigns are highly successful, most were initiated only after substantial delays. Another 200 chemicals are known to cause clinical neurotoxic effects in adults. Despite an absence of systematic testing, many additional chemicals have been shown to be neurotoxic in laboratory models. The toxic effects of such chemicals in the developing human brain are not known and they are not regulated to protect children. The two main impediments to prevention of neurodevelopmental deficits of chemical origin are the great gaps in testing chemicals for developmental neurotoxicity and the high level of proof required for regulation. New, precautionary approaches that recognise the unique vulnerability of the developing brain are needed for testing and control of chemicals.

PMID: 17174709 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

====================================================

Chemosphere. 2007 Apr;67(9):S412-20. Epub 2007 Jan 16.

Disrupting effects of hydroxy-polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners on neuronal development of cerebellar Purkinje cells: a possible causal factor for developmental brain disorders?

Kimura-Kuroda J, Nagata I, Kuroda Y.

Department of Brain Structure, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience, Tokyo 183-8526, Japan. jkkuro@tmin.ac.jp

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and hydroxy-PCB (OH-PCB) metabolites are widely distributed bioaccumulative environmental chemicals and have similar chemical structures to those of thyroid hormones (THs). Previously, we reported that THs are essential for neuronal development and the low doses of PCBs inhibited the TH-dependent dendritic development of Purkinje cells. From these results, it is suggested that exposure to PCBs may disrupt normal neuronal development and cause some developmental brain disorders, such as LD, ADHD, and autism.

PMID: 17223178 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
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http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb




Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2008 Feb;102(2):146-54.

Prenatal exposures to persistent and non-persistent organic compounds and effects on immune system development.

Hertz-Picciotto I, Park HY, Dostal M, Kocan A, Trnovec T, Sram R.

Center for Children's Environmental Health and Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. ihp@ucdavis.edu

Immune system development, particularly in the prenatal period, has far-reaching consequences for health during early childhood, as well as throughout life. Environmental disturbance of the complex balances of Th1 and Th2 response mechanisms can alter that normal development. Dysregulation of this process or an aberrant trajectory or timing of events can result in atopy, asthma, a compromised ability to ward off infection, or other auto-immune disease. A wide range of chemical, physical and biological agents appear to be capable of disrupting immune development. This MiniReview briefly reviews developmental milestones of the immune system in the prenatal period and early life, and then presents examples of environmentally induced alterations in immune markers. The first example involves a birth cohort study linked to an extensive programme of air pollution monitoring; the analysis shows prenatal ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and fine particle (PM2.5) exposures to be associated with altered lymphocyte immunophenotypic distributions in cord blood and possible changes in cord serum immunoglobulin E levels. The second example is a study of prenatal-polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposures and the foetal development of the thymus, the organ responsible for lymphocyte maturation. Mothers with higher serum concentrations of PCBs gave birth to neonates having smaller indices of thymus size. Finally, this report underscores the tight connection between development of the immune system and that of the central nervous system, and the plausibility that disruption of critical events in immune development may play a role in neurobehavioural disorders.

PMID: 18226068 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
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http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb




Metabolism. 2008 Oct

Brain development: anatomy, connectivity, adaptive plasticity, and toxicity.
Kalia M.

Department of Molecular Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. madhu.kalia@jefferson.edu

The developing brain is inherently more vulnerable to injury than the adult brain because brain development is extraordinarily complex, with periods of unique susceptibility. When brain developmental processes are suspended or delayed by any external influence, virtually no potential exists for subsequent regeneration and repair. This inevitably leads to long-lasting or permanent consequences. Recent genetic studies have contributed to a better understanding of the dynamic adaptive changes that occur in the developing brain as a consequence of genetic and environmental processes. Many industrial and environmental chemicals such as lead, methyl-mercury, polychlorinated biphenyls, arsenic, and toluene are recognized causes of neurodevelopmental disorders that lead to clinical or subclinical brain dysfunction. A number of these developmental disabilities arise from interactions between environmental factors and individual gene susceptibility. In addition, neurodevelopmental disorders of unknown origin, such as mental retardation, attention deficit disorder, cerebral palsy, and autism are becoming increasingly prevalent, with costly consequences for the family and society. The aim of this review is examine brain developmental anatomy, connectivity, adaptive plasticity, and toxicity in the context of current knowledge and future trends.

PMID: 18803960 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
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http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb


Environ Health Perspect. 1999 Jun;107(6):510.Links
Risk assessment and prevention of Children's exposure to environmental toxicants

NIEHS.

Learning disabilities, intellectual retardation, dyslexia, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, and propensity to violence affect millions of U.S. citizens and are diagnosed in an estimated 3% of all children born in the United States. The consequences of these neurological, developmental, and behavioral disorders are often tragic; their familial, societal, and economic costs are immense, and the resulting disabilities lifelong. Toxic chemicals in the environment--lead, polychlorinated biphenyls, mercury, and certain pesticides--are now known to cause some fraction of neurodevelopmental disabilities. The implications of this discovery for prevention are potentially enormous; developmental disorders of toxic origin can, in theory, be prevented through the identification, characterization, and elimination of toxic environmental exposures. However, serious impediments to prevention exist: too few chemicals are tested for toxicity to early brain development, knowledge of infants' and children's special vulnerabilities and unique exposures is scant, and paradigms for environmental risk assessment have only begun to address the hazards confronting infants and children.

PMID: 10339454 [PubMed]


======================================================
for more research articles, go to PubMed.com, then search : PCBs, autism

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
======================================================
http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb


2009 | New Study: Autism Linked to Environment. New research links soaring incidence of neurological disorder to fetal and infant exposure to pesticides and household chemicals ...

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=autism-rise-driven-by-environment



Researchers also noted that consuming fish is not the only source of PCBs, but these compounds are found in many other foods such as meats, fatty foods, fast foods, cheeses, ice cream, and even in the most rigid vegan diet (Schecter et al. 2001).

http://www.ehponline.org/members/2003/6601/6601.html
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http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb





A Little Poison With Your Fish?
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Article by Erin Brockovich

There's been a public advisory about eating toxic fish. Those of you who have been eating fish because it's healthier, but you've been walking around achy and fatigued, listen up.

" Consumption of smallmouth bass caught in Chartiers Creek from the PA Route 980 Bridge in Canonsburg to the mouth in Washington and Allegheny Counties, and in Little Chartiers Creek from Canonsburg Lake Dam to the mouth in Washington County, should be limited to six meals per year, due to polychlorinated biphenyl, or PCB, contamination."

I see things like this and it really makes me wonder at the thinking. Do I need fish so much that I want a 1/6th portion of poison with it?

So what is PCB and why is it in my fish?

Polychlorinated biphenyl is an organic compound of benzene, carbon and chlorine that used to be used in coolant, electronics, sealants, adhesives, caulking, pesticides, carbon paper, and various other industrial uses. Production has been banned since the 1970s. It is especially dangerous because it is odorless and tasteless, and so stable that it hangs around a long time.

Clean water is always a concern for me. The EPA has set a limit of 0.0005 milligrams of PCBs per liter of drinking water (0.0005 mg/L). Unfortunately, industry released at least 1,300,000 pounds of PCBs into the Hudson river alone between approximately 1947 and 1977. It's seems that it is still there. And PCBs are toxic to people.

PCB consumption is harmful for pregnant and nursing woman, and harms to the neonatal and natal immune system. It is linked to long term immune and autoimmune disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, dermatitis, bacterial infections, and multiple cancers.

http://www.brockovichblog.com/2008/01/a_little_poison_with_your_fish.html
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine
1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop F-32
Atlanta, GA 30333
Phone: 1-800-CDC-INFO • 888-232-6348 (TTY)
FAX: 770-488-4178
Email: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
===================




________________________________________________________________

To: Erin Brockovich,

I believe the PCB problem is just beginning... and will have a greater impact on human health sooner than global warming... we are just seeing the tip of the iceberg in children with autism and learning disorders caused by environmental neuro-toxic PCB exposure...

We must keep the plastic out of the Oceans to reduce the damage that will be done to all life on Earth if we do nothing... First we must raise awareness of the severity of this ecological disaster... that started over 50 years ago... and still most of the voters are unaware...

Politicians appear to have their hands tied... so to speak... scratching their heads... while life on Earth becomes impaired... from the tiny honey bees ... to giant whales and coral reefs worldwide...
as long as we sit still... the manufactures will buy the lobbyists who buy the politicians who allow the manufactures to pollute the entire planet and shrink our children's IQ down to the point they can't even understand what is happening to our beautiful Oceans... the only living Oceans in the entire universe... and the only healthy brain our child will ever have... who pays the highest price... if not that child... while the polluters save billions... http://EcoDelMar.org/autism

No *industry funded* research has ever reported any significant negative effects of PLASTIC BPA, ... although more than 90 PERCENT of GOVernment funded studies have reported SIGNIFICANT NEGATIVE effects to life... http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

We need the action of a grass-roots effort to bring this issue to the surface... to create a critical mass of voters who will make a significant difference in the lives of millions of children worldwide.

Be the change we want to see in the world... we must think we deserve a clean environment before we will have one... right now... people don't "think" they deserve a clean environment... so we don't have it... one of the challenges is to think loving thoughts while confronting the industrial giants who are killing our living environment for their profit... and they know it...

Larry --in Key Largo


the project
---------------
http://EcoDelMar.org/ocean


the research linking PCB to Autism
-----------------------------------------------
http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb



2011 :: Scientist concerned by high number of baby dolphin deaths



... yes, it is another sad and tragic cost of toxic OIL to Life on Earth... and it's also tragic that almost no one in the public even knows this is happening to dolphins and whales worldwide... and even to our own grand children... like Cousteau said, we only protect what we love... and we only love what we know... so the "voters" have no clue as to what is really happening in the Oceans.... so they vote for more "clean coal" ... :-(

... when i was living in the Fla Keys and scuba diving with the coral reef restoration team, even the high ranks from NOAA said they did not know about it... they thought the only thing killing the reefs was the increasing SST (temperatures)... please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

... industry appears to have a tight lid on the media about this... just think of how many people mistakenly believe cancer is caused by high power electric lines... when that's not the case... the cancer problem is caused by those transformers that were filled with PCBs... when they become rusty and leak... they leak the vapors downwind... (these transformers have been installed world wide)... to make matters worse... when they replace the transformers... they dumped the highly toxic PCB OIL into the rivers that obviously lead to the Oceans... then it gets absorbed into the plastic... and bio-accumulates up the food chain... please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

... i am grateful for marine biologists like Stephan Palumbi and websites like www.TED.com ... that are bringing the research out into the open for the public to understand what's going on in our Oceans...

... in a recent article about years of industrial destruction to the northeast US waterways... the typical industrial spokesperson reply was, well, the people didn't raise their voice to complain... (about the cancer) ... so industry just left the waterways and the public drinking water as a cancerous problem for the taxpayers to clean up... LINK: http://EcoDelMar.org/drinking_water/

... and now science tells us that the Oceans of phytoplankton have dropped 40% since the 1950's... exactly when the major river dumping of industrial waste like PCB's started occurring...

... all this ... from a total lack of respect for the very same Nature in our Oceans that gives us all Life... and what did we give back... http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

... then industry tried to hide it... saying it's all cause by "rain water" from the sky... and still industry wants more loopholes to dump even more toxic chemicals into the Oceans... let's hope we can bring this into the light enough to get industry to wake up and smell the Oceans... while we still have some dolphins and whales hanging onto Life... http://EcoDelMar.org/MBA_blindness

http://www.sunherald.com/2011/02/21/2881134/baby-dolphin-deaths-spike-on-gulf.html

-



There were 873 advisories in place for PCBs, with 39 states, American Samoa, and the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe reporting PCB advisories in 2004 alone.

There were 4,652,401 lake acres and 110,522 river miles under PCB advisory in 2004. Four states (District of Columbia, Indiana, Minnesota, and New York) issued statewide freshwater (river and/or lake) advisories for PCBs, and seven other states (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island) issued PCB advisories for all of their coastal marine waters in 2004 alone.

------------------------------------------------

Evidence suggests that contaminants continue to pose more of a threat to Bald Eagles than suggested in the delisting proposal. PCBs, DDE, and mercury are still major concerns in many locations across the United States; there are many areas in which these substances are still concentrated in sediments and eagle prey. Generally, the concern with these chemicals is not one of acute lethality but of continuing sublethal effects such as reproductive impairment, and nervous-, immune-, and endocrine-system impacts. In addition, dioxins, furans, PBDEs, phthalates, PFOSs, and other lipophilic chemicals have been shown to bioaccumulate in eagles and can have negative effects on eagle reproduction. Due to their lipophilic nature, these chemicals readily bioaccumulate in eagle prey in close proximity to aquatic systems; they tend to biomagnify in the food web, exposing Bald Eagles to toxic levels of these contaminants.

http://www.ucsusa.org/assets/documents/scientific_integrity/bald-eagle-external-peer-review.pdf



------------- global intervention -------------

Moreira Da Silva (PPE-DE ). -- (PT) Mr President, ladies and gentlemen, in the field of the environment and public health, the main problem with the European legislative process is not its inability to produce appropriate legislation. The problem lies, on the one hand, in the slowness with which directives are transposed into national law and, on the other, in shortcomings in their implementation. The environmental directives that we are now debating, on PCBs, nitrates and habitats, are examples of this very problem. There is little point in our having approved the directive on habitats and the creation of the “Nature 2000" network in order to protect sites of Community importance, when the Commission has been waiting since 1995 for all the Member States to present a definitive list of these sites, as well as their plans, rules and management mechanisms. The same problem applies to the directive on PCBs. And there is little point in our having stipulated the ban on PCBs and the decontamination of all equipment containing PCBs and PCTs with a view to protecting public health, if five years on, the overwhelming majority of Member States have not only failed to implement the directive, but have also failed to take the most simple action, which was to catalogue PCBs and to produce plans for decontamination.

We therefore have widespread non-compliance and for that reason, these directives have not produced the environmental results hoped for. We also have a situation, however, in which a degree of impunity reigns. The slowness of the Community's legal processes and the rare use of financial penalties against those Member States that are slow to comply have sent out two negative political messages. Those States that do comply feel that there is no incentive to continue and those that do not comply do not feel any pressure to change their ways.

It is therefore crucial for the Commission, as Guardian of the Treaties, to monitor the whole process of transposing and implementing Community law, publicizing the commitment of all the Member States and guaranteeing that those States that do not comply will be penalized as an example.

============================================

Finally, scientists understand why all the dolphins and whales are terminally ill, with suppressed immune systems and cancers caused by industrial pollution, they beach themselves to die at our feet, victims of money saved and profits made while industry pollutes rivers worldwide.

---------------------------------------
http://EcoDelMar.org/why
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http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb


LINK to Robert Kennedy video explaining
the environmental connection to autism:
--------------------------------------------------------
http://EcoDelMar.org/autism


============================================


The CLEAN WATER ACT of 1972 was clearly created to protect Americas rivers, streams, and tributaries that carry water for drinking and eventually arriving to the only Living Oceans in the known universe.

Now a single word, "navigable", threatens to undo years of protection against the industrial dumping of millions of tons of known carcinogens into our Rivers and Oceans.

Because of the wording "navigable waters", the law might not apply to small creeks that lead to rivers... "Court Cases are now being "lost" because industry is dumping into a "small stream" that flows into a river, rather than the river itself," said David M. Uhlmann, a law professor at the University of Michigan who led the environmental crimes section of the Justice Department.

117 million Americans get their drinking water from sources fed by waters that are vulnerable to exclusion from the Clean Water Act of 1972.

45 percent of major polluters might become outside the "navigable" regulatory reach.

In many US states, big polluters say the "CLEAN WATER ACT of 1972" no longer applies to them... and are therefore refusing to renew or apply for permits, making it impossible to monitor what they are dumping, say US officials.

Setting an example, the US Air Force Base near Clovis, N.M., for instance, recently informed the E.P.A. that it no longer considers itself subject to the CLEAN WATER ACT of 1972.

More than 200 "oil spill" rulings have recently become "delayed".

"If you can get Glenn Beck to say that government storm troopers are going to invade your property and check into your mud-puddles, farmers will panic in the Midwest and "light up" their congressmen’s switchboards," said the coalition member, who asked not to be identified.

http://EcoDelMar.org/clean_water


The health and intrinsic beauty in Nature is our Guide... in the smallest of the leaves... a dragonfly... a seagull... the dolphins and whales... any one of them will guide any Soul to the Light... out of the materialistic 'real world', that will finally be seen as the illusion it was...


Life is breathing... the question is... will we awaken before we have lost every whale and dolphin in the Oceans... How can we humans come to understand that we are all part of the most amazing family of beings to ever exist in all of time... we are miraculous Life forms made from trillion year old star dust... and still we need to practice "gratitude" every day... to manifest the Humility we need to protect the only known human Life forms in the entire universe from the ego's quest to dominate the very Nature that Gracefully creates Life every moment and beats in every Heart since the beginning of time...

. . . and to answer the popular question about 'optimism vs pessimism'... i like the way Paul Hawken says it: ..::"If you actually look at the science about what is happening on Earth and your aren't pessimistic... you don't understand the data... But if you meet the people who are working to restore this Earth and the lives of the poor... and you aren't optimistic... you haven't got a pulse"... http://EcoDelMar.org/paul

Today we are well on our way to loosing the Coral Reefs on Earth caused by Ocean Acidification: http://EcoDelMar.org/coral ... and the Climate Change unfolding today is clearly anthropogenic... the big question is... can we operate our industrial revolution 'Sustainably'... and the question before that is... can we recognize that our 'life-style' is driving up the CO2 that is causing Ocean Acidification... potentially harming the health of phyto-plankton... Earth's #1 source of Oxygen for us to breathe in the air.

..:: " A recent study by Dalhousie University oceanographer Boris Worm and his team found that phytoplankton populations in the ocean are declining at an alarming rate because of human activity and climate change.

..:: " Why should we care?

..:: " They remove CO2 from our AIR and produce more than half the OXYGEN we breathe.

..:: " The report, published in the July 29 edition of Nature, states that PHYTO - PLANKTON have already declined by about 40 per cent since 1950.

..:: " We can't BREATHE without them...

..:: " While governments stall and deniers spread confusion, it gets more and more difficult to achieve the kind of emissions reductions that scientists say are necessary to prevent the Earth from reaching cataclysmic.

..:: " It was once possible... and "MAY" still be...

http://www.davidsuzuki.org/blogs/science-matters/2010/08/declining-phytoplankton-another-sign-of-climate-catastrophe/
Earth Care...
Connecting the plastic eco dots . . . . .
--------------------------------------
Why we MUST keep plastic out of the Oceans....



I made this rudimentary "flash" video in 2006, attempting to give a "brief" synopsis that anyone can understand... describing the ecological scenario unfolding 24/7 in our Oceans, worldwide, underscoring the importance of NOT dumping plastic and toxic industrial byproducts into the only living Oceans in the entire universe. LINK to website: ECO Del Mar . org


While most people think sewage is the biggest Ocean problem...

infinitely more detrimental to Life on Earth are the 'POPS' that are dumped by industry into the underground city pipeline systems that most people are totally un-aware of... these are highly toxic non-bio-degradable 'POPS' such as the PCBs that will continue diffusing cancerous toxic molecules throughout the environment decades longer than any bio-degradable waste... And then to realize the mega tons of plastic particles in the global Oceans that will be photo-degrading for 400 to 800 years (not bio-degrading) and transporting PCBs into the Ocean's food chain for centuries... please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

FACTS:

* With every tick of every second 310 Kg of toxic chemicals are released into our air, land, rivers and oceans by industrial profiteers worldwide.

* This amounts to 10 Million Tons (over 21 billion pounds) of toxic chemicals released into Earth's environment by industries each year.

* Of these, over 2 Million Tons (over 4.5 Billion pounds) per year are known carcinogens. This amounts to 65 Kg each second.

REF: http://www.worldometers.info/view/toxchem/

Ironically... none of these are the greatest threat to human survival on Earth... and bio-degradable sewage is the easiest of them all to fix... but if we don't get CO2 under control, we will not survive: http://EcoDelMar.org/ocean_acidification ... if we loose the phytoplankton... we loose half the oxygen supply on earth... CO2 will skyrocket with out the phytoplankton... and trees will stop functioning... crops will fail... forests will die, dry, burn, and become deserts... and the mega tons of flammable methane hydrates will melt, convert to a gas and destroy the remaining ozone... and still half the Americans deny global warming is real... it's just too difficult for a man to understand something... when his paycheck depends on not understanding it...

The Blue Miracle Planet... 70% covered by miraculous deep blue water... although the Oceans may seem infinite to our eye's view.... in fact all the water on Earth only makes up a precious 0.02% of the Earth's total mass... yet the Oceans give us over half the oxygen we need to live and breathe... without Our priceless Oceans... we will die...

As Sylvia says so poetically... No Blue... No Green... and she is 100% serious... for millions of generations we have enjoyed the only known living Oceans in the entire universe... and after millions of years on Earth... most humans still wonder where Life came from... and with our newest scientific tools we have determined that beautiful wonder of Nature we call "The Nautilus"... has lived in the Oceans for more than 500 Million years... until now... disappearing due to man-made Ocean Acidification and a few decades of industrial dumping of Billions of tons of highly poisonous chemicals into rivers worldwide... just for corporate / share-holder profit.... ignoring the damage to Life's Foundation... what will Earth's brand new Oceans cost... as if the shareholders could afford to buy one...

If we, supposedly intelligent humans, destroy the source of so much Life in The Universe.... the question is not will we survive... but should we... Can we learn to respect Life in Our Living Oceans before we kill every living creature that has lived a healthy Life for millions of generations... long before we arrived to walk "upright" on land... Are we so egocentric as to destroy our very own Ocean Home... Will we realize our origins are so much more likely Aquatic than we dare to dream... Rocks were formed in fire... and when struck together, give fire... the Oceans Give Life itself... and while we have this Gift... dare we stand Lifeless... allowing the destruction of our Aquatic Life Base... with apathetic heads bowed down... to callous industrial profiteers... who will later tell us... they were the "successful" ones... http://EcoDelMar.org/maya

... when we look at the Oceans.... with our "eye site"... or more accurately... in our "human" interpretation of what we think we "see"... when it comes to something as large as the Oceans... it appears to be infinite... and when we made accurate maps that illustrate about 70% of the Earth is covered with water... our minds appear to have accepted that the Earth is about 70% water... so we called it the Blue Planet... and we thought the Oceans were so big, we could never hurt them... and while it might be a beautiful thought... it lead us to our biggest mistake... we took the Ocean's for granted... if we take all the water on Earth... and compare the mass, it only comes to about .02% of the Earth's weight... and that Pristine, Beautiful, Natural, Holy, Godly, Blessed, Miraculous, Sparkling, Magical, Mystical, Precious... Ocean.... gave birth to the only known Life in the entire Universe... and industrial tycoons use it for their toxic toilet... industrial tycoons don't care at all about dolphins, nor the origins of Life in the Universe... Greenpeace has been fighting against industrial tycoons for decades... and i can't see how anyone can watch the following video, and not hear the drums... http://EcoDelMar.org/drums




Another PCB OIL recovery vessel abandoned....


Fortunately the US Coast Guard is well funded by the tax payer's deep federal 'Accidental Oil Spill' liability "Trust Funds", financed by a TAX of five cents per barrel of crude oil, to help with the lucrative industrial slippery OIL SPILL clean-ups and leftover toxic barge-loads to be cleaned up at the tax payer's expense, aiding the richest industries in history to pursue more shapely vessels over-seas and benefit from the tax loopholes, and services not readily available at the home port...

http://www.columbian.com/news/2011/feb/03/coast-guard-works-to-stabilize-derelict/







Without Living Oceans, planet Earth will not have a Life supporting biosphere...

Consider the following scenario,
and tell me if i am wrong about this...

1) we have no way to stop runaway Ocean Acidification...

2) we will probably continue burning fossil fuels worldwide for 50 years or more...

3) all the kings horses and all the kings scuba divers can not prevent the Oceans from becoming so acidic it will dissolve the coral reefs and impair all marine life, including the phytoplankton....

4) if that happens... we could loose up to 70% of Earth's oxygen supply...

5) with more CO2 in the atmosphere, even the trees, plants and crops will no longer function...

6) when the methane hydrates melt... and they already are... mega tons of flammable biomass will burn out of control worldwide... releasing additional greenhouse gas, increasing the positive feedback loop....

7) forests will become deserts... further reducing oxygen and increasing CO2...

8) Earth's currently Livable atmosphere will be lost for thousands of years... No blue, No green...

-

... we LIVE on such a beautiful planet... if we could just share this space and stop destroying the LIFE for profit...

... and so many people are saying... well... humans had their chance on Earth... so now "mother nature" will just "take back" the planet... and "shake us humans off"... like a bunch of "fleas"...

... i don't understand how humans can have this "attitude"... that we "got ours"... and we had "our fun" ...

... they say "so what" ... let "mother nature" take back the planet... to heck with the future generations...

... i say ... do you not realize that future generations are as much a part of "mother nature" as you and i are right now...

... how can anyone be so egotistically arrogant as to say "so what if humans become extinct"... i ask you now if you think LIFE is so worthless for "tomorrow's children"... if you HONESTLY think LIFE it really that "worthless"... would you bite off half of your own tongue, right now... and then throw it to the sky and tell God how "worthless" it was for you... and how worthless future generations are to you...

Help to Save the MBA Lemmings!
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
http://EcoDelMar.org/MBA_Lemmings





It is our own American "ideals" that we want to protect...

"Give me your tired, and your poor...
"Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
"The wretched refuse of your teeming shore...

Americans are willing to give their own Lives to protect these ideals for all humanity....

"We The People" do not want a government run "by the corporations"... for the corporations.... and protected by the armed forces that our taxes paid for... and totally run by big OIL... that exploits and plunder other countries and millions of people to get more greedy profit for the greedy corporation that are causing the extinction of all humanity...

... clearly big oil "drives" our politicians... and governments... all the way to the banks... but not "beyond petroleum"...

... we all know that "economics" plays a big role in major political decisions... and also influences many of the voters...

... it would be interesting to know ...

... if the global extraction of megatons of fossil fuels from deep inside the Earth has contributed to the past 50 years of earthquakes....

... and if so ...

... the global cost of Earthquakes... becomes yet another unforeseen "cost" that we don't yet factor into the price of petrol at the pump...

... and the cost of solving global problems caused by the CO2 released while burning fossil fuels, causing climate change and Ocean Acidification: http://EcoDelMar.org/ocean_acidification

... and the 40% loss of phytoplankton, that gives us all oxygen to breathe... http://EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton

... and the loss of first born dolphins and whales to the toxic effects of petrol byproducts, like PCBs: http://EcoDelMar.org/results (Cousteau)

... and the global cost of curing cancer caused by numerous toxic petrol byproducts...

... and when all of these true costs are added together... it would make the cost of "going green"... the far more "economical" choice for any voter to make... and we all know that "economics" is one of the major motivations for burning fossil fuels... so why would we "think" it is less expensive... if we factor in the real costs to all Life on Earth...



in the profound lyrics of Joni Mitchell :
----------------------------------------------
We are stardust... we are golden...
We are caught in the devils bargain...
And we got to get ourselves back to the Garden...

-------------------------------------------------------------------
http://EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton





Greenpeace is calling for all governments put in place a global network of marine reserves, covering FORTY PERCENT of the world's OCEANS... In addition, marine pollution will only be stopped if all nations take responsibility for their excessive consumption and adopt a "ZERO Waste" to Ocean plan including waste reduction and recycling... http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/media-center/news-releases/growing-danger-of-plastic-poll/



Monsanto History ::

Monsanto :: was heavily involved in the creation of the first nuclear bomb for the Manhattan Project during WWII. In 1967, Monsanto entered into a joint venture with IG Farben. (The) German chemical firm that was the financial core of the Hitler regime, and was the main supplier of Zyklon-B to the German government during the extermination phase of the Holocaust." [5], [6] http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Monsanto

Agent Orange contaminated more than 3 million civilians and servicemen, and an estimated 500,000 Vietnamese children have been born with deformities attributed to Agent Orange, leading to calls for Monsanto to be prosecuted for war crimes.

Internal Monsanto memos show that Monsanto knew of the problems of dioxin contamination of Agent Orange when it sold it to the U.S. government for use in Vietnam.

In 1991 Monsanto was fined $1.2 million for trying to conceal the discharge of contaminated waste water.

Monsanto was ranked fifth among U.S. corporations in EPA’s Toxic Release Inventory, having discharged 37 million pounds of toxic chemicals into the air, land, water and underground. In 1997 The Seattle Times reported that Monsanto sold 6,000 tons of contaminated waste to Idaho fertilizer companies

Today PCBs are considered one of the gravest chemical threats on the planet.

Monsanto produced PCBs for over 50 years and they are now virtually omnipresent in the blood and tissues of humans and wildlife around the globe.

The new company name "Solutia"... was spun off from Monsanto as a way for Monsanto to divest itself of billions of dollars in environmental cleanup costs and other liabilities for its past actions - liabilities that eventually forced Solutia to seek Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

The key to Monsanto's metamorphosis into a biotechnology company was the run away success of the herbicide "Roundup" (glyphosate)...

Today, "Roundup" (glyphosate) remains the world's biggest herbicide by tonnage of sales.

Monsanto eventually achieved this by introducing into crop plants genes that give resistance to glyphosate (the active ingredient in Roundup). This meant farmers could spray Roundup onto their fields as a weedkiller even during the growing season without harming the crop plant.

Monsanto's corporate strategy led them for the first time to acquire seed companies. During the 1990s Monsanto spent $10 billion globally buying up seed companies - a push that continues to this day.

As a result, Monsanto is now the world's largest seed company, accounting for almost a quarter of the global proprietary seed market.

In 2008 the President of the General Assembly of the United Nations condemned corporate profiteering: "The essential purpose of food, which is to nourish people, has been subordinated to the economic aims of a handful of multinational corporations that monopolize all aspects of food production, from seeds to major distribution chains, and they have been the prime beneficiaries of the world crisis. A look at the figures for 2007, when the world food crisis began, shows that corporations such as Monsanto and Cargill, which control the cereals market, saw their profits increase by 45 and 60 per cent, respectively."

Monsanto spent $6,560,000 for political lobbying in 2010. $1,030,000 was to outside lobbying firms with the remainder being spent using in-house lobbyists.[29] http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Monsanto





PHYTOPLANKTON are some of the most important life-forms on our planet, and are key for the survival of all marine Life, and land Life. They provide most of the OXYGEN we breathe (and are more valuable than any land-based plant life), and are responsible for the majority of photosynthesis on our planet, which has the added bonus of filtering out the majority of CO2 in our atmosphere. NEWS: The Ocean CO2 Eco-Cycle


Global Warming Is Reducing Ocean Life....
While Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide



"Phytoplankton grow faster in a cool ocean and slower in a warm one," said Siegel. "The scary part is that the oceans are warming now ---- caused by our emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide."

These microscopic plants are predicted to grow even slower in the warmer oceans of the future. This in turn will reduce the food available to fish and other organisms, including marine birds and mammals, which are supported by the ocean's food chain. Phytoplankton are responsible for about the same amount of photosynthesis each year as all the plants on land combined.

Another disturbing result of reduced phytoplankton is that our atmosphere depends on the consumption of atmospheric carbon dioxide by these plants. Reduced phytoplankton means less carbon dioxide is taken up by the ocean, which could speed global warming, contributing to a vicious cycle of increased warming.

"Rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere play a big part in global warming," said lead author Michael Behrenfeld of Oregon State University. "This study shows that as the climate warms, phytoplankton growth rates go down and along with them the amount of carbon dioxide these ocean plants consume. That allows carbon dioxide to accumulate more rapidly in the atmosphere, which would produce more warming."
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/12/061207084052.htm







phytoplankton :: Produce 70% of the Oxygen on Earth...

Building Block #1 in the Food Chain and Oxygen Cycle for Life on Earth...

What do you think is killing the phytoplankton...

The trees on Earth are often called the 'lungs' of the biosphere... yet we are cutting and selling our 'lungs' for a profit... that goes to the richest corporations... and special favors to the most disloyal of all politicians in American history...

... and the biggest 'gardens' on Earth are in the Oceans... yet industrial mavericks save money by using the Oceans for their toxic toilet... killing the phytoplankton that freely provided 70% of the Oxygen on Earth for millions of years.... freely generated from the Light of the Sun.... soon we will be buying oxygen from the same industrial mavericks that are destroying the phytoplankton


in the profound lyrics of Joni Mitchell :
----------------------------------------------
We are stardust... we are golden...
We are caught in the devils bargain...
And we got to get ourselves back to the Garden...

--------------------------------------------------------------
http://EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton



We are already loosing the Coral Reefs on Earth caused by Ocean Acidification: http://EcoDelMar.org/coral

-- and the Climate Change unfolding today is clearly anthropogenic--

-- can we get the 'voters' and our governments to recognize that the industrial 'revolution' is driving up the CO2 that is causing Ocean Acidification-- potentially harming the health of phytoplankton -- Earth's #1 source of Oxygen for us to breathe in the air.

..:: " A recent study by Dalhousie University oceanographer Boris Worm and his team found that phytoplankton populations in the ocean are declining at an alarming rate because of human activity and climate change.

..:: " Why should you care?

..:: " phytoplankton removes CO2 from our AIR and produce more than half the OXYGEN we breathe.

..:: " The report, published in the July 29 edition of Nature, states that phytoplankton have already declined by about 40 per cent since 1950.

..:: " We can't BREATHE without them--

..:: " While governments stall and deniers spread confusion, it gets more and more difficult to achieve the kind of emissions reductions that scientists say are necessary to prevent the Earth from reaching a cataclysmic period.

..:: " It was once possible-- and "MAY" still be--

http://DavidSuzuki.org/blogs/science-matters/2010/08/declining-phytoplankton-another-sign-of-climate-catastrophe/







... just a comment on the emotional aspect of global warming... CO2 and Ocean chemistry don't really care about our emotions... marine life with shells are already dissolving... and having difficulty finding sufficient oxygen to maintain Life.... and whether or not we decided to get involved, we are... Ocean Acidification is well under way... according to NOAA it will not be reversed for thousands of years... and most of the oxygen we breathe comes from healthy Living Oceans... while air conditioning may change the temperature of the air to make us more comfortable inside a building, it impacts the Life of the phytoplankton that generate the oxygen we depend on to stay alive...

http://ecodelmar.org/UNEP

http://ecodelmar.org/NOAA

http://ecodelmar.org/phytoplankton


--------------------------------------------------
http://EcoDelMar.org/For_Every_Action
--------------------------------------------------




... quote via : Urban Paradise Guild..::" The biggest polluters have systematically assassinated science, effectively removing it as a basis for good governance. They have created think-tanks to promote these views, and propaganda machines (like FOX)... to hype ignorance. It is no mistake that Republicans benefit most from these same forces. Republicans use the smoke and mirrors built by the polluters to justify policies that benefit the polluters...
http://www.facebook.com/urbanparadiseguild




Frogs are disappearing around the world, primarily due to the widespread use of the toxic weed-killers such as atrazine. As the most commonly found pesticide in U.S. waters, atrazine can kill tadpoles and lead to limb deformities in adult frogs. Please tell the EPA to ban the weed killer atrazine to protect our water, our frogs and our own health! https://secure.nrdconline.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=2269&s_src=EcoDelMar.org




Medicine from Coral Reefs:
(AZT) azidothymidine, a drug widely used to treat people with AIDS.

The life saving medication, AZT was created from a chemical found in the Caribbean Sea coral reefs, Gorgonian, a type of soft coral commonly referred to as type of sea sponge. Although coral reefs are in the process of dying worldwide, it still unknown how many life saving medicines, derived from coral reefs could have been discovered before the reefs are lost forever. An aquatic organism, called bryozoan Bugula neritina, yields a compound currently being tested in the fight against cancer. Caribbean gorgonian (a soft coral) produces a group of compounds with anti-inflammatory properties.

http://www.noaa.gov/features/economic_0309/medicines.html



Acidifying the ocean is particularly detrimental to the Living organisms that secrete shell material made of CaCO3, such as coral reefs and a type of phytoplankton called coccolithophorids [Kleypas et al., 1999]. The ocean pH change will persist for thousands of years. Because the fossil fuel CO2 rise is faster than natural CO2 increases in the past, the ocean will be acidified to a much greater extent than has occurred naturally in at least the past 800,000 years [Caldeira and Wicket, 2003].

http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/
http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2005/07/the-acid-ocean-the-other-problem-with-cosub2sub-emission/
http://EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton




Phytoplankton
and Zooplankton










Changes in the carbonate chemistry of the ocean may have a strong negative impact on many phytoplankton and zooplankton species that form the base of the marine food chain.

In almost all calcifying organisms tested, ranging from single-celled organisms up to reef building corals, there is a decrease in the ability of the organism to produce calcium carbonate in more acidic waters (6). One study has documented the changes in two species of coccolithophores grown under conditions expected by the end of this century, where both species show significant decreases (25 - 45%) in calcification rates and clear signs of structural damage in their shells, which may affect their physical functioning and reproduction. However, not all species of calcifying organisms are negatively affected by increased acidity, and more research is needed to understand these mechanisms and possible adaptation pathways(7).

The first two photos on the left show scanning electron microscopy photographs of the calcifying phytoplankton Gephyrocapsa oceanica under CO2 conditions of today (top) and under the high CO2 conditions expected by the end of this century (middle).
Pteropods are small "winged snails" that form the basis of the food chain for many commercial fish species. A recent study has observed shell dissolution in living pteropods when exposed to the carbonate content of the ocean expected in the next 50 years in the high latitudes (6).

If ocean acidification leads to disturbances in the populations of these organisms, other non-calcifying organisms may out-compete them for food and nutrients, leading to a change in the ecosystem composition of the system. Although some of the affected organisms are important prey for higher organisms, it is not yet clear how such changes would affect the entire ecosystem.

Photo courtesy of Ulf Riebesell, IFM-GEOMAR. (www.nature.com): Riebesell et al. (2000) Reduced calcification of marine phytoplankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2, Nature 407, 364-367. (Top and Middle); Photo credit: Russ Hopcroft, California State University San Marcos (Bottom)

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission - UNESCO




www.eia.gov : consumption global fuels
CO2 graph historic
CO2 Evidence NASA
Ocean pH graph
http://www.global-greenhouse-warming.com/ocean-acidification.html
coral reef - elkhorn before
coral reef - elkhorn today
coral reef - elkhorn Ken



Our Geo-Engineering "Climate Fix"... That Poisons Ocean Life...
Fertilising the oceans with iron to absorb carbon dioxide could increase concentrations of a chemical that can kill marine mammals, a study has found.

(From BBC News / by Richard Black) -- Iron stimulates growth of marine algae that absorb CO2 from the air, and has been touted as a "climate fix".

Now researchers have shown that the algae increase production of a nerve poison that can kill mammals and birds.

Writing in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they say this raises "serious concern" over the idea.

http://OceanLeaderShip.org/2010/climate-fix-could-poison-sea-life/




What is Killing the Phytoplankton...

A chemical culprit responsible for the rapid, mysterious death of phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean has been found by collaborating scientists at Rutgers University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).

"The "lipids" (oils) themselves can cause death just like a virus," says Van Mooy. "We can cause the phytoplankton to die by just giving the lipids." ... and this newly found lipid (oil)... deals it's toxic twist of fate by causing the upper-ocean plants to commit cellular "suicide"... There is also a potential connection with cancer.

"It appears that the virus has "borrowed", (copied actually), the genes for this lipid (oil) from the host," he says. "Similar genes are still on the host, but the virus has figured out a way to take those genes and put them into its own genome, and alter them enough to make them more toxic."

Van Mooy sees it as a struggle between two mighty forces. "The phytoplankton are at one end of the boxing ring and they're taking up carbon dioxide, and the viruses are at the other end, and they're out to kill them. And how that works out controls how much carbon dioxide is taken up.

If viruses are killing off phytoplankton, this can increase greenhouse emissions, Van Mooy suggests. "That's important because if viruses infect a whole bunch of cells, then they can't perform photosynthesis, they can't take up carbon dioxide."

Van Mooy said: "There are probably more out there. And who knows what kind of activities they may be involved with. They may hold a cure for a human disease or they may play unknown vital role in ...... "phytoplankton"....

http://www.oceanleadership.org/2009/newly-discovered-fat-molecule-an-undersea-killer-with-an-upside/




MORE FAKE CLIMATE DENIAL WEBSITES POPPING UP

Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change - Koch Industries Climate DENIAL FRONT

$60,000 received from Koch foundations 2005-2008 [Total Koch foundation grants 1997-2008 : $85,000]

co2science.org :: Center 2 Study CO2 and "Global Change" :: Koch Industries Climate 'DENIAL FRONT ' :: http://bit.ly/eLVFsm




USF Ocean Researcher say even the oil droplets kill phytoplankton
One BP OIL head sealed, while gushers of uncertainty remains...
September 19, 2010|By Richard Fausset, Los Angeles Times

Kendra Daly, an ocean researcher at the University of South Florida, said even the droplets could kill many plankton, a crucial component of the ocean food chain, possibly creating a cascade effect that could reduce the populations of other, larger species. Already researchers have found some evidence of oil harming plankton in an important spawning area of the Gulf.

Susan Shaw, a marine toxicologist and director of the Marine Environmental Research Institute in Blue Hill, Maine, is among those concerned that the combination of the oil and dispersant is "more toxic than either alone" because the dispersants break down the lipid membranes of cells, allowing oil to enter organs more easily, she said.

http://articles.latimes.com/2010/sep/19/nation/la-na-oil-spill-legacy-20100919/3




What is killing the phytoplankton...

Ocean Acidification is the term used to describe the decrease in seawater pH due to ocean's absorption of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere...

Ocean Acidification is suspected to affect the functioning of ocean plankton

http://oceanacidification.wordpress.com/2011/02/03/two-year-engineer-contract-%E2%80%9Cstudy-of-the-effects-of-ocean-acidification-on-the-functioning-of-natural-planktonic-communities-in-the-mediterranean-sea-using-large-scale-pelagic-mesocosms/

-
please see: http://EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton

and: http://ecodelmar.org/pcb



What is killing the phytoplankton...

The Vital Link Between the Ocean's Health and Human Health...

http://EcoDelmar.org/pcb :: this video is about dolphins and whales.... and the PCBs known to be circulating in Earth's Oceans and biosphere...

... here is my question...



The "abstract" below is related to several "safer" replacements for PCBs...

...while the text of the abstract states the toxicity is "less" when compared to PCBs... yet the "quantity" of (10 to 56 ug/L) is extremely low...

ug/L = PPB = part per Billion

mg/L = PPM = parts per Million


.... if these "safer" replacement chemicals are considered "toxic" at such extremely low trace levels... and the newer chemicals are "stated to be" less toxic than PCBs... when realizing that dolphins and whales are now testing at well over 1,000 PPM .... Houston, we have a problem.... because industry has already dumped tons of PCBs into rivers that obviously drain into our Oceans... what may not be so obvious to these industrial mavericks is that dumping their toxic pesticides and herbicides into the Ocean is killing the vital phytoplankton that produce most of the oxygen on Earth...


... if these new and supposedly "safer" replacement chemicals are toxic to algae at such low trace levels.... what about the toxic effect of the much higher levels of PCBs in the Oceans now, that could certainly be linked to the 40% loss of phytoplankton happening throughout the Oceans today...

please see: http://ecodelmar.org/phytoplankton



----------------------
ABSTRACT:
----------------------

Laboratory studies were conducted to determine the acute or chronic toxicity of seven potential polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) replacement products (six phosphate esters and one water-glycol mixture) to the alga Selenastrum capricornutum and three species of invertebrates. Significant reductions in algal biomass after 14 d of incubation were measured in tests with five phosphate esters at nominal concentrations ranging from 0.10 to 10 mg/L. The acute toxicity of six phosphate esters tested against a daphnid (Daphnia magna), a midge (Chironomus plumosus) and an amphipod (Gammarus pseudolimnaeus) was moderate, ranging from 1.1 to 18.0 mg/L. The water-gylcol mixture was nontoxic to algae and invertebrates at the highest nominal concentration tested (100 mg/L).

Chronic toxicity tests based on nominal concentrations indicated that five of the six phosphate esters tested against daphnids reduced survival and reproduction at concentrations ranging from 10 to 56 ug/L. whereas only one of three tested against amphipods significantly reduced growth and survival at concentrations of 31 to 128 ug/L. Emergence of midges exposed to three phosphate esters for 30 d was significantly reduced at concentrations of 36 to 319 ug/L. The water-glycol mixture tested was much less toxic to algae and invertebrates than were the phosphate esters. These data indicate that the potential hazard of phosphate esters to the environment is significantly less than that of PCBs.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.5620040204/abstract


---
http://EcoDelmar.org/pcb ... this video is about the PCBs in dolphins and whales....
---

http://members.greenpeace.org/blog/larry_l/2011/01/26/link-between-the-dolphin-s-health-and-h





Our Oceans Need more help... and less hurt...

Our Oceans gave us everything... what did we give back...


The drawdown of both carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrate per mole of phosphate and the rate of new production by diatoms are much lower than that measured for P. antarctica. Consequently, the capacity of the biological community to draw down atmospheric CO2 and transport it to the deep ocean could diminish dramatically if predicted increases in upper ocean stratiŢcation due to climate warming should occur.

http://ocean.stanford.edu/EESS243/Arrigo_et_al_1999.pdf



* A 1,000-km northward shift of warmer-water plankton, with a similar retreat of colder-water plankton, has been observed in the north-east Atlantic over the past 50 years, as the seas around the UK have become warmer.

* In the North Sea, the population of the previously dominant and important cold-water zooplankton species Calanus finmarchicus has declined in biomass by 70% since the 1960s.

* The seasonal timing of plankton production has altered in response to recent climate changes. Some species are occurring up to four to six weeks earlier than 20 years ago, affecting predators, including fish.


Continued increase in sea temperature, due to climate change and associated changes such as ocean acidification, are likely to exert major influences on plankton abundance and geographical distributions, with implications for primary production and climate control.

http://www.mccip.org.uk/annual-report-card/2007-2008/healthy-and-diverse-marine-ecosystem.aspx



Phytoplankton has reduced by 40% since 1950...

"Over half of the world's OXYGEN is produced by these phytoplankton," explained Professor David Thomas, from the school of ocean sciences at the University of Bangor. "If you took that away you would lose the basis of life on the globe. There simply wouldn't be enough oxygen to support life." Professor Thomas said: "If you go back far enough in time, life started in the plankton, so we owe it a remarkable debt." telegraph.co.uk View Global Phytoplankton via NASA's Aqua satellite





Louie Psihoyos, photojournalist of "The Cove"... and Miyoko Sakashita ... Oceans Director and Senior Attorney, for the Center of Biological Diversity... discuss the impacts of Ocean Acidification on Earth...

Miyoko Sakashita is on a mission for the Earth's imperiled marine life... and to protect Earth's ECO-Systems from the impending threats of Ocean Acidification...


Audio interview LINK: http://earthup.podbean.com/2010/11/18/louie-psihoyos-miyoko-sakashita-discuss-ocean-acidification/



"quoted from: Jon Harrington :: "Corporate America must change... The cost to the environment and our survival is too great to allow the lobbyists in Washington to "run" our government. Over the past 18 months the petroleum industry has spent... $1,800.00 per day, per congressman, in lobbying expenses. If renewable energy had that kind of money for influence, imagine where we would be...

It was great to have Miyoko on the program this week, as the Center of Biological Diversity is at the forefront of changing policy in Washington.

Jon



LINK to audio interview:
---------------------------------
http://earthup.podbean.com/2010/11/18/louie-psihoyos-miyoko-sakashita-discuss-ocean-acidification/





While most people think farm runoff and sewage are the biggest Ocean problem...

infinitely more detrimental to Life on Earth are the non-biodegradable POPS that are sent from industry to the underground city pipeline systems that many are totally un-aware of... these are highly toxic non-bio-degradable POPS like: PBDEs and PCBs that will continue diffusing cancerous toxic molecules throughout the environment far longer than any bio-degradables... Then to realize the mega tons of plastic will continue to photo-degrade for 400 to 800 years (not bio-degrading) and transport toxic PCBs into the Ocean's food chain for centuries. see: http://ecodelmar.org/pcb




Connecting the plastic ECO dots . . . .
------------------------------------------
Why we must keep plastic out of the Oceans....



I made this rudimentary "flash" video in 2006, attempting to give a "brief" visual synopsis that anyone can understand... describing the ecological scenario unfolding 24/7 in our Oceans, worldwide, underscoring the importance of NOT dumping plastic and toxic industrial chemicals into the only living Oceans in the entire universe. LINK to website: ECO Del Mar . org



http://EcoDelMar.org/pcb

http://EcoDelMar.org/phytoplankton




FACTS:

* With every tick of every second 310 Kg of toxic chemicals are released into our air, land, rivers and oceans by industrial profiteers worldwide.

* This amounts to 10 Million Tons (over 21 billion pounds) of toxic chemicals released into Earth's environment by industries each year.

* Of these, over 2 Million Tons (over 4.5 Billion pounds) per year are known carcinogens. This amounts to 65 Kg each second.

REF: http://www.worldometers.info/view/toxchem/

Ironically... none of these are the greatest threat to human survival on Earth... and bio-degradable sewage is the easiest of them all to fix... but if we don't get CO2 under control, we will not survive: http://ecodelmar.org/ocean_acidification ... if we loose the phytoplankton... we loose half the oxygen supply on earth... CO2 will skyrocket with out the phytoplankton... and trees will stop functioning... crops will fail... forests will die, dry, burn, and become deserts... and the mega tons of flammable methane hydrates will melt, convert to a gas and destroy the remaining ozone... and still half the Americans deny global warming is real... it's just too difficult for a man to understand something... when his paycheck depends on not understanding it...

The Blue Miracle Planet... 70% covered by miraculous deep blue water... although the Oceans may seem infinite to our eye's view.... in fact all the water on Earth only makes up a precious 0.02% of the Earth's total mass... yet the Oceans give us over half the oxygen we need to live and breathe... without Our priceless Oceans... we will die...

As Sylvia says so poetically... No Blue... No Green... and she is 100% serious... for millions of generations we have enjoyed the only known living Oceans in the entire universe... and after millions of years on Earth... most humans still wonder where Life came from... and with our newest scientific tools we have determined that beautiful wonder of Nature we call "The Nautilus"... has lived in the Oceans for more than 500 Million years... until now... disappearing due to man-made Ocean Acidification and a few decades of industrial dumping of Billions of tons of highly poisonous chemicals into rivers worldwide... just for corporate / share-holder profit.... ignoring the damage to Life's Foundation... what will Earth's brand new Oceans cost... as if the shareholders could afford to buy one...

If we, supposedly intelligent humans, destroy the source of so much Life in The Universe.... the question is not will we survive... but should we... Can we learn to respect Life in Our Living Oceans before we kill every living creature that has lived a healthy Life for millions of generations... long before we arrived to walk "upright" on land... Are we so egocentric as to destroy our very own Ocean Home... Will we realize our origins are so much more likely Aquatic than we dare to dream... Rocks were formed in fire... and when struck together, give fire... the Oceans Give Life itself... and while we have this Gift... dare we stand Lifeless... allowing the destruction of our Aquatic Life Base... with apathetic heads bowed down... to callous industrial profiteers... who will later tell us... they were the "successful" ones... http://EcoDelMar.org/maya

... when we look at the Oceans.... with our "eye site"... or more accurately... in our "human" interpretation of what we think we "see"... when it comes to something as large as the Oceans... it appears to be infinite... and when we made accurate maps that illustrate about 70% of the Earth is covered with water... our minds appear to have accepted that the Earth is about 70% water... so we called it the Blue Planet... and we thought the Oceans were so big, we could never hurt them... and while it might be a beautiful thought... it lead us to our biggest mistake... we took the Ocean's for granted... if we take all the water on Earth... and compare the mass, it only comes to about .02% of the Earth's weight... and that Pristine, Beautiful, Natural, Holy, Godly, Blessed, Miraculous, Sparkling, Magical, Mystical, Precious... Ocean.... gave birth to the only known Life in the entire Universe... and industrial tycoons use it for their toxic toilet... industrial tycoons don't care at all about dolphins, nor the origins of Life in the Universe... Greenpeace has been fighting against industrial tycoons for decades... and i can't see how anyone can watch the following video, and not hear the drums... http://ecodelmar.org/drums




The Growing Danger of Plastic in the Oceans... Greenpeace is calling for all governments put in place a global network of marine reserves, covering FORTY PERCENT of the world's OCEANS... In addition, marine pollution will only be stopped if all nations take responsibility for their excessive consumption and adopt a "ZERO Waste" to Ocean plan including waste reduction and recycling... http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/media-center/news-releases/growing-danger-of-plastic-poll/






Our Lives Among The Whales
Our Lives Among The Whales...

The link between the Whale's health and human health...
The link between the Whale's health and human health...


Take Action: Save the Whales:

Reform the International Whaling Commission







President Obama has the executive power to make that change...

LINK: Sign the Greenpeace petition to end the whaling...



Our Lives Among The Whales
Our Lives Among The Whales...

The link between the Whale's health and human health...
The link between the Whale's health and human health...



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